Investment statistics

Key data at a glance

New Zealand is an island nation situated in the South Pacific Ocean. With a land area of 268,000 square kilometres, it is similar in size to Japan or Britain. We have a relatively large exclusive maritime economic zone of 4.1 million square kilometres.

Over half of New Zealand's total land area is pasture and arable land, and more than a quarter is under forest cover, including 1.8 million hectares of planted production forest. Lakes and rivers cover 1 percent of the land area. Most of the rivers are swift and seldom navigable, but many are valuable sources of hydro-electric power.

New Zealand’s resident population is approximately 4.7 million. With an estimated population of 1.5 million people, the Greater Auckland Region is one of the fastest growing regions in the country.

Trade is essential to New Zealand’s economic prosperity. Exports of goods and services make up around 30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and New Zealand’s trade interests are well diversified. Australia, China, North America, the European Union and the Association of South-East Asian Nations are our largest markets for goods and services exports. Other major trading partners include Japan and the Republic of Korea.

Asia-Pacific regional linkages remain at the core of New Zealand’s political and economic interests. The countries of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) take more than 70 percent of New Zealand’s exports, provide 71 percent of tourism arrivals, and account for around 75% percent of New Zealand’s foreign direct investment. However, New Zealand’s trade policy still has strong links to Europe and successive governments have also pursued opportunities in emerging regions, such as in the Middle East and Latin America.

While New Zealand exports a broad range of products, it remains reliant on exports of commodity-based products as a main source of export receipts and relies on imports of raw materials and capital equipment for industry.

The following are a selection of economic indicators and investment statistics including foreign direct investment levels, exports and markets.

Economic indicators

 Economic indicators  Total  Year end 
 Population  4,793,700  Jun - 17
 Nominal GDP (NZ$million)¹  264,777  Mar - 17 
 Nominal GDP growth (%)  5.7  Mar - 17
 Nominal GDP per capita (NZ$)²  56,073  Mar - 17
 Real GDP (NZ$million)³  230,537  Mar - 17
 Real GDP growth (%)  3.0  Mar - 17
 Real GDP per capita (NZ$)  48,822  Mar - 17
 CPI inflation (%)  1.7  Jun - 17
 Unemployment rate (%)  4.8  Jun - 17 
 Total merchandise exports (fob, actual values, NZ$million)  48,487  Dec - 16
 Total merchandise imports (cif, actual values, NZ$million)  51,621  Dec - 16
 Trade surplus / deficit (current prices, NZ$million)  3,700  Jun - 16
 Export of services (NZ$million)  21,634  Dec - 16
 Import of services (NZ$million)  17,150  Dec - 16
 Stock of New Zealand's direct investment abroad (NZ$million)  25,584  Mar - 16
 Stock of foreign investment in New Zealand (NZ$million)  100,580  Dec - 16

1 In current prices
2 In 2009/10 prices, includes unallocated taxes on production and imports, and balancing items
3 Seasonally adjusted
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Foreign direct investment flows into New Zealand by country

 Country  NZ$ million  Year end
 Australia  3,454  Dec - 16
 United States of America  593
 Hong Kong (SAR)  265  Dec - 16
 United Kingdom  233  Dec - 16
 Switzerland  97  Dec - 16
 Cayman Islands  53  Dec - 16
 Japan  48  Dec - 16
 Netherlands  43  Dec - 16
 Virgin Islands, British  8  Dec - 16
 Singapore  -937  Dec - 16
 Other or Confidential  -565  Dec - 16
 Total direct investment in NZ  3,292  Dec - 16

Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals 
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Stock of foreign direct investment in New Zealand by country

Country   NZ$ million  Year end
 Australia  53,107  Dec - 16
 United States of America  7,933  Dec - 16
 Hong Kong (SAR)  5,605  Dec - 16
 United Kingdom  5,532  Dec - 16
 Japan  4,920  Dec - 16
 Singapore  4,825  Dec - 16
 Netherlands  4,015  Dec - 16
 Virgin Islands, British  3,090  Dec - 16
 Canada  2,971  Dec - 16
 China, People's Republic of  1,062  Dec - 16
 Cayman Islands  1,018  Dec - 16
 Switzerland  499  Dec - 16
 Other or confidential  6,003  Dec - 16
 Total direct investment in NZ1  100,580  Dec - 16

1 Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Stock of total foreign investment in New Zealand by country

Country NZ$ million Year end
 Australia  114,882  Mar - 16
 Canada  5,570  Mar - 16
 Cayman Islands  1,158  Mar - 16
 Channel Islands  Confidential  Mar - 16
 China, People's Republic of  5,464  Mar - 16
 Hong Kong (SAR)  8,504  Mar - 16
 Japan  11,753  Mar - 16
 Malaysia  638  Mar - 16
 Netherlands  8,692  Mar - 16
 Singapore  7,753  Mar - 16
 Switzerland  1,924  Mar - 16
 United Kingdom  74,319  Mar - 16
 United States  35,952  Mar - 16
 Virgin Islands, British  3,014  Mar - 16
 Total investment in NZ1  386,360  Mar - 16

1 Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Exports - top commodities

Commodity NZ$ million Year end
 Milk powder, butter, and cheese  11,192  Dec - 16
 Business and other personal travel  10,074  Dec - 16
 Meat and edible offal  5,913  Dec - 16
 Logs, wood and wood articles  4,124  Dec - 16
 Education-related travel  3,759  Dec - 16
 Fruit  2,731  Dec - 16
 Transportation  2,713  Dec - 16
 Mechanical machinery and equipment  1,621  Dec - 16
 Fish, crustaceans, and molluscs   1,617  Dec - 16
 Wine  1,608  Dec - 16
 Preparations of cereal, flour and starch  1,215  Dec - 16
 Miscellaneous edible preparations   1,201  Dec - 16
 Confidential items (1)  1,115
 Dec - 16
 Electrical machinery and equipment  1,007  Dec - 16
 Aluminium and aluminium articles  969  Dec - 16
 Telecommunication, computer, and information  891  Dec - 16
 Casein and caseinates  863
 Dec - 16
 Optical, medical, and measuring equipment  831
 Dec - 16
 Financial services
 732
 Dec - 16
 Precious metals, jewellery, and coins
 712  Dec - 16
 Total1  70,121  Dec - 16

Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Exports - top 20 countries

 Country  Goods NZ$ million  Services NZ$ million  Total NZ$ million Year end
 Australia  8,277  4,580  12,857  Dec -16
 China, People's Republic of  9,432  2,893  12,325  Dec -16
 United States of America  5,299  2,779  8,078  Dec -16
 Japan  2,975  886  3,861  Dec -16
 United Kingdom  1,463  1,369  2,832  Dec -16
 Korea, Republic of  1,494  593  2,087  Dec -16
 India  639  1,112  1,751  Dec -16
 Singapore  1,126  390  1,516  Dec -16
 Germany  680  826  1,506  Dec -16
 Taiwan  1,088  166  1,254  Dec -16
 Hong Kong (SAR)  795  357  1,152  Dec -16
 Malaysia  797  251  1,048  Dec -16
 Thailand  825  209  1,034  Dec -16
 Indonesia  868  106  974  Dec -16
 Canada  598  372  970  Dec -16
 Netherlands  808  133  941  Dec -16
 Philippines  634  225  859  Dec -16
 United Arab Emirates  621   128  749  Dec -16
 France  351  365  716  Dec -16
 Algeria  696    696  Dec -16

Source: Statistics New Zealand

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